American Journal of Social and Humanitarian Research https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr <p><strong>American Journal of Social and Humanitarian Research</strong> is a fully international, open access, peer-reviewed<strong> American </strong>journal publishing by <strong>Global Research Inc., </strong>while focusing on the latest research across all disciplines of the social sciences, including anthropology, economics, law, linguistics, education, geography, history, political science, psychology, sociology, and related areas. The journal is especially interested in interdisciplinary research and aims to facilitate the interaction and communication between different social science disciplines. The journal welcomes conventional length articles as well as shorter Research Notes or short articles, as long as they meet the journal’s standards of quality and originality.</p> "GLOBAL RESEARCH NETWORK" LLC (USA) en-US American Journal of Social and Humanitarian Research 2690-9626 The Concept of Interpersonal Communication in Psychology and the Significance of Interrelationships in Personal Development https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1627 <p>In this article, the role of the person and interpersonal communication, which is the main participant in the process of education and upbringing, and its importance are scientifically discussed. Also, the factors influencing the personality in the process of interpersonal communication were studied.</p> Tosheva Dilsora To‘lis qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-02 2022-11-02 3 11 1 8 Raising and Optimizing Educational Content from the Quality Side to a New Level: Problems and Solutions https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1628 <p>In this article, the issue of optimizing the education system of Uzbekistan and raising it to a new level is analyzed. The article also presents the reforms of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev in the field of education. And the methods for raising the educational system to a new level in terms of content are mentioned.</p> Elmurodova Aziza Suvon qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-02 2022-11-02 3 11 9 13 Progress of Gender Equal Relations in Social Life https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1629 <p>This article examines the level of gender equality in society, the steps taken towards development, the expected results of any action, and the issue of social relations. These relationships govern all aspects of our life - work, family, neighborhood, study, communication and other various processes. This scientific article analyzes the current pedagogical activity in solving the above problems.</p> Axmatova Guli Xurram qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-02 2022-11-02 3 11 14 17 The Role of Innovative Technologies in Improving the Spiritual Education of Students of Higher Education Institutions https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1630 <p>In this article, the issue of forming a new type of student personality, who can act adequately in the changing socio-cultural situation, is studied. In the article, it is justified that in higher education systems, the student's humaneness, the ability to change himself and the society, and the ability to actively solve the current problems of professional activity are considered important factors. The article also reveals the role of modern pedagogical activity in solving the above problems.</p> Oripova Madinabonu Xamidovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-02 2022-11-02 3 11 18 21 Cultural Differences, Stereotypes and Communication Needs in Intercultural Communication in a Global Multicultural Environment https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1631 <p>This study examines the personal opinions of Chinese employees working in a multicultural environment about the relationship between cultural diversity and their effectiveness in communicating in a multicultural environment. To better understand the link between cultural background and effective business communication, in 2020 we conducted a questionnaire survey of 20 employees of the Chinese subsidiary of a leading European manufacturing company. The analysis showed that even if the respondents expressed the negative impact of cultural differences on communication, they also showed a positive attitude towards intercultural interactions. Moreover, ignoring or even disrespect for the different cultural values of the interacting persons was considered a major barrier in intercultural communication, and such barriers can be avoided if the other cultural background is respected. Although it was believed that cultural differences hindered the work of respondents and were often a source of dissatisfaction, they did not prevent them from engaging in intercultural communication.</p> Jumaev Ulugbek Sattorovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-02 2022-11-02 3 11 22 28 Tourism Brand Competitiveness: Methodology of Determining and Ways of Improvement https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1632 <p>the scientific article contains a comparative analysis of the national brands of six countries based on the methods as brand elements classification, the quality of the proposal constituent slogan, regional brand strategy and national brand ranking results. Developed proposals to achieve sustainable competitiveness of the national brand of Uzbekistan.</p> Ibragimov Nutfillo Salimovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-02 2022-11-02 3 11 29 35 The Use of Multimedia Technologies in English Lessons https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1633 <p>In recent years, the question of the use of new multimedia technologies in education has been increasingly raised.&nbsp; These are not only new technical means, but also new forms and methods of teaching, a new approach to the learning process.&nbsp; The main goal of teaching foreign languages&nbsp;&nbsp; is the formation and development of a communicative culture of students, teaching practical mastery of a foreign language.</p> Mukhammadiyeva Shaxlo G’aniyevna Rahimova Sevara Durdiyevna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-02 2022-11-02 3 11 36 38 Improving the Participation of the Investigator in the Criminal Process https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1634 <p>In this article, the role and special powers of the investigator in the criminal process, procedural functions and his specific activities are reflected. In addition, the activities of the bodies in the preliminary investigation, the issues of legality of the investigator at the preliminary investigation stage, the issues of ensuring the rights and freedoms of citizens, as well as the responsibility for the correct application of the law to each person who committed a crime, as well as the issues of relevance to the investigation, some problems in practice were analyzed, and suggestions and recommendations were made in this regard.</p> Tulaganova Gulchekhra Zakhitovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-02 2022-11-02 3 11 39 48 Future Strategic Goals of Preschool Education Development https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1636 <p>The current state and level of training of the majority of six-year-old children in Uzbekistan requires a review of the existing methods and the introduction of new approaches to the organization of the educational process, training and retraining of personnel in the preschool education system.</p> Siddiqjon Ahmadaliev Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-04 2022-11-04 3 11 49 52 Classification of Corruption Factors https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1637 <p>Corruption factors occur in very different (material) environment, social and individual consciousness. In other words, we can't see the corruption factors in the framework of certain disciplines, and certainly we can't develop a strategy against it. Therefore, it is appropriate to consider corruption factors from a holistic perspective within different disciplines.</p> F. A. Primov Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-04 2022-11-04 3 11 53 57 The Creation of Abul Qasim Mahmoud Ibn Umar Az-Zamakshari https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1638 <p>This article presents analytical thoughts about the great work of Mahmud Zamakhshari along with the study of the spiritual heritage of medieval Eastern scholars and thinkers for their role in the development and development of Eastern science. Also, his creative heritage and his high spiritual heritage in the field of science have been thoroughly studied.</p> Toshev Olmos Nuriddinovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-04 2022-11-04 3 11 58 60 Speech as a Tool of Pedagogical Activity of the Teachers https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1641 <p>This article discusses specificity of the teaching profession, speech etiquette of teachers, the methods of oral communication between the teacher and the student, and the requirements for the teacher’s speech.</p> Sh. Kakharova Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-05 2022-11-05 3 11 61 64 Development of Professional Competence of Chemistry Teachers of Higher Education Institutions - Factor of Education Quality https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1642 <p>The article describes the methodology for diagnosing the professional competence of chemistry teachers working in higher educational institutions, based on current criteria and the results of determining its pedagogical effectiveness. The statistical analyzes carried out confirmed that the experimental work was carried out scientifically, pedagogically, technologically and methodically, and the diagnostic technique was effective.</p> N. Odilkhojazoda Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-05 2022-11-05 3 11 65 72 Current Problems of Physical and Mathematical Sciences https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1643 <p>The development of society, the reforms being carried out in the field of education in our country require the training of mature and highly thinking personnel in accordance with the world standard. This article highlights the importance of basic and science-related competencies in solving the problems of physics education and the prospects for its improvement.</p> Khamraeva Oynisa Farkhod kizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-05 2022-11-05 3 11 73 77 Priority Directions of Establishing Social Protection at a New Stage of Development in Uzbekistan https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1669 <p>This article analyzes the work being done in Uzbekistan based on the principle of social justice, including the issue of social protection of the population by fighting corruption and reducing poverty. Also, the importance of the concept of social justice today and its place in human life, and the fact that the comprehensive reforms implemented in the country are based on the principle of justice, are revealed.</p> Hamroev Saidjon Sanoevich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-08 2022-11-08 3 11 78 81 Views on Spiritual Education Strategy https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1671 <p>Technologies of spiritual education require the basis of advanced innovative technologies of the field of education. The study of views on the strategy of spiritual education is analyzed as a result of the existence of stable relations between the subjects of socio-cultural technologies in society. According to him, the genesis of social and cultural technologies of society is the basis for the beginning of spiritual and educational propaganda.</p> Akhmedova O‘gilkhan Namozovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-09 2022-11-09 3 11 82 86 Migration in South Asia, Its Socio-Economic Challenges; A Critical Overview https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1672 <p>Movement is a form of spatial and communal transplant from one local and social situation to another. Transfer paths bring to light the determining interchanges of civil relationships and social ranks that underpin artistic and civil national situations. Immigrants who experience those complex anatomical differences must determine to handle classes, gendered and localized civil relationships and offer the very convenient social positions within unique structures. This research builds on Amartya Sen’s competence means to conceptualize emigrants’ embeddedness in the structure of social disparities and examines the exchange between individual distinctions, properties, and advantages. Framing on the parallels between subjects in the fields of social discriminations and exodus. Against this backdrop, this study analyses the reasons for migration in South Asia and the core factors which forces masses to move from one place to other. What are the key challenges that people of this part of the World confront and how governments and regional organizations are playing their role to execute it on legal grounds?</p> Dr. Iram Naseer Ahmad Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-09 2022-11-09 3 11 87 104 Positive Effect of Human Capital on Society Development https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1673 <p>The positive impact of human capital on the development of society is primarily the result of the quality of the education system, as well as the interaction of personnel policy. This article presents a positive analysis of the countries of the world in terms of human capital. Research shows that differences in the level of human capital account for differences in GDP per capita between countries. Therefore, it is philosophically analyzed that the formation of this difference is the attention given to education.</p> Toshpulatov Israyil Ismoilovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-09 2022-11-09 3 11 105 108 Works of Local Authors in the “Turkestan Collection” https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1675 <p>The article contains an analysis of local works published in the “Turkestan Collection”, which is an important source in the study of the history of the period of the rule of the Turkestan region of the Russian Empire. Thus, the Russian government studied these works in order to form the knowledge and attitude to the national values of the local population.</p> Jamshid Pirimkulov Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-10 2022-11-10 3 11 109 113 On Persian History Writing of XVI-XVII Centuries (In the Example of India) https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1676 <p>The article highlights the development of writing history in Persian in India, the stages of development and the main factors that had influence on it. In particular, writing history in Persian in India had gradual development starting mainly from Ghaznavids and reached to its peak in the period of Baburids. In particular, tolerance, freedom in faith has become one of the most important factors of the relocation of Iranian scholars in India.</p> Azamat Ziyo Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-10 2022-11-10 3 11 114 120 Linguodidactic Typology in the Process of Students Learning Military Terms in German Language Lessons https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1678 <p>The article is devoted to the issues of linguodidactic typology of the experience of teaching terminology in order to form field-related terms in German language classes. The article discusses the features of teaching cadets the basics of terminology and professional speech, as well as the related difficulties and possible ways to overcome them. The author pays attention to the foundations of the experience of the emergence of terms, the sources of their formation.</p> Rakhmonkulova Dilshoda Muradkozievna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-11 2022-11-11 3 11 121 124 Factors for the Formation of the Philosophical Worldview of their Youth https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1679 <p>In the structure of the personality and in the system of its main motivating forces, a large place is given to interests, aspirations, ideals, beliefs. The most important role is assigned to the spiritual structure of the personality. Determining a person's connection with the world, with himself, with people, because any person is formed by society, depending on this, beliefs develop. Beliefs are a structural element of a broader concept - a worldview.</p> Tairov Ilxom Yeriyevich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-11 2022-11-11 3 11 125 129 Modern Method of Teaching the Russian Language by Text Characteristics https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1680 <p>This article describes an innovative method of text characterization, allowing to teach understanding, interpretation and evaluation of the text. It is proved that teaching the text characterization allows to achieve (while teaching the Russian language) a complex of subject, met subject and personal results, also contributes to effective learning some strategies of semantic reading and develops pupil’s orld-view and discovers their personality.</p> Basharova Gulmira Galimyanovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-11 2022-11-11 3 11 130 134 Prospects for the Development of Special Types of Tourism in Uzbekistan https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1681 <p>The main goal of the article is to analyze the issues aimed at the development of special types of tourism in Uzbekistan today. In recent years, many visitors to Uzbekistan come mainly based on only two or three types of tourism. Taking into account the tourist resources available in our republic, it is possible to bring more benefits to the state budget by developing many types of tourism. Currently, the cultural-historical type of tourism is mainly developed in our country. This is definitely not enough for the further development of tourism. In order to increase the number of potential customers again, we can definitely develop special types of tourism such as national crafts tourism, national art tourism, national games tourism, etc.</p> Zafar Choliyevich Khakimov Otabek Khudayberdievich Azimov Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-14 2022-11-14 3 11 135 142 Controversial Debates about the Origin of Mankind https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1682 <p>This article presents the opinions of several scientists on the origin of mankind. It is impossible to imagine the past history without knowing the emergence of mankind and the gradual development of mankind through physical evolution. According to Darwin's theory, man is not only physical not only the structure, but also explaining the nature of their thinking, religious and spiritual qualities in connection with nature has become an urgent problem. However, most scientists have denied Darwin's theory.</p> Baqiyev is the son of Sherkhan Ubaidulla Orazaliyev is the son of Dilmurod Mustafa Mamatova is the daughter of Elmira Husan Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-14 2022-11-14 3 11 143 145 Lexical-Semantic Classification of Concepts Related to Wedding and Marriage https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1685 <p>The article presents information about the lexical-semantic classification of concepts related to the wedding and the wedding ceremony. Lexeme with wedding seme are divided into semantic groups.</p> Аripоvа Shоdiyа Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-15 2022-11-15 3 11 146 149 Increasing Attention to the Development of the Ethical-Aesthetic Culture of Management Staff under Globalization https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1686 <p>In the article, the role of factors in the formation of the ethical and aesthetic culture of management personnel, the changes taking place in the social foundations of society in the current conditions of strengthening market relations, information attacks that are foreign to our national values, evil and base intentions, malicious goals are hidden due to the fact that the flow of information is both accelerating and expanding in the process of globalization. the issues of rapid development of counter information field, expansion of its scope and capabilities, effective implementation in various areas of state and community life are analyzed.</p> I. M. Arzimatova Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-15 2022-11-15 3 11 150 155 Pedagogical Conditions of Organization of the Digital Education https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1693 <p>In modern conditions, highly qualified personnel are being trained in order to train them on the basis of new pedagogical technologies. The specificity of new pedagogical tasks guarantees the effectiveness of training. 80% of the effectiveness of lessons depends on the correct construction of the educational process, its organization and practical guidance. When designing the educational process, the content, purpose, expected results, forms, methods and means of teaching are determined, initial criteria for assessing knowledge, skills and abilities are developed, the distribution of time for individual stages of the lesson is determined. , indicated, the emphasis is on the coordination and interdependence of the project components.</p> Ruzmetova Sayyorakhon Timurkhanovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-18 2022-11-18 3 11 156 162 Problems of Communal Sector in the Southern Province of Uzbekistan https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1695 <p>One of the main factors in the effective organization of social work was the improvement of housing and communal services. Ownership of housing is considered one of the basic constitutional rights of all citizens of the country, and the degree to which the work of the industry is decided is one of the main criteria that determine the standard of living of the population. A high or low indicator of the provision of housing to the population shows the result of the socio-economic policy of a particular country.</p> Farhod Ochilov Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-19 2022-11-19 3 11 163 165 Formation of Didactic and Methodological Competence of the Future Primary School Teacher https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1697 <p>This article discusses all the methods of teachers' competence, but also the problems of solving them. Which in recent years, the competence of teachers are the most important and urgent tasks with the fact that social experiences will be formed, but with the same includes the reconstruction of the spheres of educational service, including all the possibilities and a variety of innovative school.</p> <p>But even with this, the author's pedagogical systems, at the beginning of the corners, become pedagogical design and technology of the educational process and with this they increase in the level of the society's request to specialists.</p> Tajbenova D. K Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-21 2022-11-21 3 11 166 168 Pilgrimage Tourism Potential of Uzbekistan https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1700 <p>The article mainly analyzes information about the potential of pilgrimage tourism in Uzbekistan. We know that Uzbekistan has a very ancient and rich history. Many foreign and domestic guests come not only to see historical and cultural monuments, but also to visit places rich in ancient history and monuments. Therefore, in recent years, our country has also done several things in the development of pilgrimage tourism. Because there are ancient shrines in several touristic cities of Uzbekistan, which have been attracting many visitors for several years. Therefore, in the following article, we discussed the potential of pilgrimage tourism in Uzbekistan.</p> Makhliyo Aripova Salakhiddinovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-21 2022-11-21 3 11 169 174 To Provide Information about the Formation Patterns, Terminological Research, and the Processes that Occurred in the Uzbek Terminology https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1702 <p>This article devoted to the stages of formation and development of Uzbek terminology are an ancient Turkic language, old Turkic language, old Uzbek literary language, current Uzbek literary language and social conditions and factors that motivated the formation and development of Uzbek language terminology. As mentioned above, the German language also has psychological characteristics associated with a unique personality. That is, the German language reflects the unique mentality, traditions, worldviews, and dreams of the German people. According to scientists' calculations, the German people are the most polite, sweet-talking, optimistic people in the world.</p> Astonova Guzalkhon Raxmonalievna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-21 2022-11-21 3 11 175 181 The System of Pedagogical Activities of the Teachers https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1703 <p>In the following article the organization of the re clarified as per recents scientific data, “Pedagogy and psychology”, the content of pedagogical diagnostics are disclosed, shows ways of increasing measures to determine the quality and effectiveness of diagnostics. And also on the basis of the study of its convenient and promotional forms, comprehensive planning for the diagnosis of teachers’ activities is covered.</p> Gulboyev Akbar Tukhtayevich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-21 2022-11-21 3 11 182 189 A Pragmatic Study of Preaching in Religious Texts https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1704 <p>Preaching is the communication of truth. There are two essential elements: truth and personality. Preaching is multifaceted. It involves both the Bible and the Holy spirit. Words consider as one of the main aspects of preaching. This study has set itself the task of analyzing preaching in the Holly Qur’an ‘Surah Luqman’. The study aims at the following: finding out the pragmatic meaning of preaching in Luqman Surah, identifying the pragmatic structure of preaching in Luqman Surah, pinpointing the pragmatic strategies that are used to issue preaching in Luqman Surah, and identifying the functions of preaching in Luqman Surah. It hypothesizes: preaching is the act of persuading others to do good deeds and avoiding sins, preaching in Luqman Surah is a process with stages. The researchers developed a model to analyze the pragmatic strategies of preaching in Luqman Surah. The analysis shows that preaching is the act of communicating divine truth to people. Furthermore, it is found that preaching is achieved via three stages.</p> Wafaa Mokhlos Faisal Inas Hadi Abd Al-Hussein Ayat Abbas Marzoq Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-21 2022-11-21 3 11 190 196 Pedagogical Content and Social Significance of Intellectual-Creative Competence https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1705 <p>This article describes the meaning of intellectual-creative competence, its definition in dictionaries, and the social significance of the formation of future personnel. In the implementation of this task, it is appropriate to analyze the intellectual-creative competence in a separate form and to analyze the functions and capabilities of it in harmony.</p> Khabibullaev Ubaydulla Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-21 2022-11-21 3 11 197 201 The Importance of Management Strategies in Tourism Enterprises https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1706 <p>The article mainly describes management strategies that are currently relevant in tourism enterprises. We know that in recent years, along with the development of tourism, a lot of tourist enterprises are emerging. But in many such enterprises, the management structure is not well developed. That is, managers are coming without paying attention to it. Therefore, in this article, we discussed the management strategies of tourist enterprises. Also improving management strategies in tourism organization, it leads long-term working for managers in this field.</p> Sobirjon Samatovich Ruziev Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-21 2022-11-21 3 11 202 206 Arab-Israelis Conflict: Economic Implications on the Palestine’s Nation https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1707 <p>Israeli State has been confronted with intended and unintended series of historical conflict since its creation in 1948. The Palestinian economy was not spared from these protracted conflicts that have claimed thousands of lives concerning the agitations for a sovereign state and home land for Palestinians on one hand and the recognition of a sovereign state for Israelis and its sustainable security on the other hand. Therefore, this paper is geared towards analysing major factors responsible for Israeli-Palestinians conflicts, the economic implications on the Palestinians as well as sourcing for alternative measures in order to ameliorate the Palestinian economy. This paper was guided by Classical Realist theory. This paper utilised historical design. Data were obtained from published books, magazines and journals, newspapers, published or unpublished dissertations, manuscripts, internet, dairies and other personal papers. These data were subjected to content analysis. The findings of the study revealed that Israeli-Palestinian conflicts have been a long aged conflict since 1948 when the state of Israel was created. Till now, the conflict has taken political, economic and social cultural dimensions. Secondly, the Israeli-Palestinian conflicts have impacted negatively on the economy of Palestine and the Israelis in the occupied zone and soft targets of guerilla activities both in trade, investment, manpower capacity, and natural resources thereby retarding developmental process. Since Israel’s occupation of the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and Gaza Strip, it has imposed numerous military and economic measures that have affected all sectors of the Palestinian economy, resulting in long-term economic disequilibrium and, in some cases, irreversible developmental paralyses. Finally, it is recommended that a new paradigm shift should be explored as all alternative strategies applied by the peace brokers to ameliorate Israeli-Palestinians conflicts, has not achieved its objective. Therefore, America should take the lead to galvanize the Western World with active support of Saudi Arabia and other moderate Arab Countries towards a peaceful settlement of the Arab-Israeli protracted conflict.</p> EYINA, Nkatomba, Nkatomba ANYALEBECH, Shammah Mahakwe HART, Akie Opuene DUMLE, Callistus Nekabari Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-21 2022-11-21 3 11 207 228 Structural Analysis of Success Factors of Small Medium Business (UKM) Using Interpretative Structural Modeling (ISM) Approach in Bungaraya Sub-District https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1708 <p>The aims of this research were: 1) to know the structural modeling to know the priorities (key factors) and supporting factors in the success factors of a UKM, 2) to know the solutions that can be suggested when the key success factors for UKM are known. The design of this study is qualitative research in the form of expert opinion that has had successful SMEs. The research began with interviews and giving questionnaires to representatives of each UKM, the number of UKM studied in this study was 4, so the total number of experts interviewed and given questionnaires were also 4 people. SMEs that contributed to this research was in the culinary field. The name of the UKM is Sate Pariaman, RM. Surabaya, My Mama's Kitchen 3B, and Ipat restaurant. Where is this study, using expert judgment using the VAXO questionnaire in collecting data? In data processing in this software, researchers use EXIMPRO – ISM.exe software. Based on the results of the structure, it can be seen in order of sub-elements with the highest ranking, namely Market Demand (E11) as the key factor influencing the success of SMEs. Then the second rank is Own Capital (E5), and the third rank has 21 elements namely Motivation (E1), Formal Education Level (E2), Experience (E3), Entrepreneurial Spirit and Leadership (E4), Loan Capital (E6), Profit Level and Capital Accumulation (E7), Financial Governance (E8), Production Capacity (E9), Modern Technology and Quality Control (E10), Technology Selection (E12), Market Demand (E13), Competitive Pricing (E14), Promotion (E15 ), Distribution Channels and Marketing Areas (E16), Business and Investment Climate (E17), Lots of Competition in the Same Field (E18), Economic Growth (E19), Community Income Level (E20), Capital Assistance from Related Institutions (E22), There is Technical Guidance (23), Monitored and Evaluation (E24). The last ranking is Government Policy (E21).</p> Auliya Rahmi Iswandi Umar Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-21 2022-11-21 3 11 229 238 Perceptions of Bullying Among Students of Junior High School https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1709 <p>A study has been conducted on perceptions of bullying among students of Junio High School (SMP) 38 Padang which aims to see how students perceive bullying at Junior High School 38 Padang. This type of research is descriptive qualitative research. which aims to describe the research subject as it is. The results of the study show that perceptions about bullying have been born that are commonplace for perpetrators and are even jokes in everyday life. Based on the interviews that the author conducted, the perpetrators of bullying consider their actions to be just a joke, such as calling a friend a nickname that makes the victim feel embarrassed, have low self-esteem, or depressed, but the victim cannot do much because usually, the students who are the perpetrators of bullying are children who have power over the group. While victims of bullying they receive can be very scarred and leave deep trauma.</p> Ramayani, Fatmariza Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-21 2022-11-21 3 11 239 244 Phraseological Units Denoting the Emotional States of Person in English https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1716 <p>Systematization and description of the arsenal of linguistic means of expressing emotions represent one of the major tasks for linguistics that returns nowadays to the theory of Wilhelm von Humboldt, which in the early XIXth century appealed to study the language in close connection with individual speakers. A logical interest of the researchers to the processes of manifestation of emotions in the language has resulted in the formation of a new scientific field – linguistics of emotions aimed at the emotional environment of the language. In the Tatar language human emotions are verbalized mostly by the phraseological units representing various mental states of a person, one’s inner world.</p> Babaqulova Oydin Khayrullo Kizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-22 2022-11-22 3 11 245 247 History of the Introduction of Electric Cars, Advantages and Disadvantages https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1717 <p>In this article, the role of electric cars today, the history of development, the principles of operation of electric car parts, the advantages and disadvantages of electric cars of today and the next generation have been discussed.</p> Sharipova Dilara Djumaniyazovna Ibrohimov Ibrahim Bakhodirovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-22 2022-11-22 3 11 248 252 In Competitions Conductrd by Belt Wrestling Use of Fast Technical Methods Efficiency https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1719 <p>This article covers the analysis of the effectiveness of using high-speed technical methods in belt wrestling competitions and its impact on results.</p> Artikov Z. S. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-22 2022-11-22 3 11 253 255 Motiv Va Motivatsiya Muammosining Jahon Va Mahalliy Psixologlar Tomonidan Tadqiq Etilganligi https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1720 <p>Mazkur maqola motiv va motivatsiya muammosihamda uning jahon va mahalliy psixologlar tomonidan tadqiq etilganligi bo‘yicha ilmiy tadqiqotlarning tavsiyalari ifodalangan. Shuningdek, maqolada mazkur masala yuzasidan muallif tomonidan shakllantirilgan ilmiy taklif va amaliy tavsiyalar ham o‘z ifodasini topgan.</p> Raxmatjonov Shoxjahon Dilshodbek o‘g‘li Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-22 2022-11-22 3 11 256 259 Educational Methods in Teaching the Russian Language https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1721 <p>Ensuring the quality of teaching foreign languages to the young generation, fundamentally improving the system of training specialists who can speak foreign languages fluently, training mature personnel who meet world educational standards by mastering foreign languages in our country is one of the goals of the education reform. Identifying opportunities in language teaching and bringing them to life, the teacher's knowledge, creativity, the ability to arouse students' love for their subject, and the establishment of a cooperative relationship with students are the requirements of the current era. The decision to further develop foreign language teaching, implement measures to improve the level and quality of training of qualified teachers who have a high level of foreign language skills for general education schools, vocational colleges and academic lyceums, higher education institutions in accordance with international standards. was adopted in order to provide. At the same time, it should be said that each language being studied has its own rules and secrets. In order to become a mature specialist who meets international standards, the learner is required not to overlook the subtlest layers of the language.</p> Nurmatova Sadbarkhon Erkinovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-23 2022-11-23 3 11 260 263 The Role of Small Business and Private Entrepreneurship in the Economy https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1722 <p>The current stage of economic reforms implemented in our country requires the development of small business and private entrepreneurship, giving it wide economic freedom and improving its efficiency. In order to achieve this goal, the development of a number of decrees and decisions by the head of our country will definitely serve to increase the efficiency of small business and private entrepreneurship.</p> Bekzod Madvaliyev Kizlarkhon Rakhimova Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-23 2022-11-23 3 11 264 267 Methods of Using Modern Pedagogical Technologies in Organizing Fine Arts Lessons https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1724 <p>This article fully describes the methods of using modern pedagogical technologies in the organization of fine art classes, the application of pedagogical renewal processes in educational practice, the issue of pedagogical technologies in teaching fine arts at school.</p> Akhmadbekova Maxpuzakhon Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-23 2022-11-23 3 11 268 271 Pedagogical Technologies in Teaching Russian as a Non-Native Language https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1725 <p>The article deals with the expansion of independent creative activity of students and the systematization of the phenomena of the Russian language. It also analyzes the issues of instilling self-control skills, self-correcting mistakes; development of cognitive abilities and integrated teaching of the subject. It also analyzes the development of motivation among students, saving time and highlights the relevance of introducing information technologies in the teaching of the humanities, including the Russian language.</p> Yulanova Nargiza Davlatovna Gayubova Komila Anvarovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-23 2022-11-23 3 11 272 274 Improving the Methods of Shooting Training of Young Biathletes https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1726 <p>This article discusses the development of a method of training in shooting at idle for young biathletes. It will focus on the theoretical and methodological foundations of shooting training for young biathletes, as well as safety rules for handling weapons during training and methods of teaching shooting techniques. A comparative analysis of the low readiness of young biathletes to idle is presented.</p> Inakov Bakhtiyor Memetov Rustam Ortiqov Maruf Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-24 2022-11-24 3 11 275 282 Tenths and Lefties in Sports Games https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1727 <p>The phenomenon of "left-handedness-decadence" in human activity, including in various professions and sports practice, has become one of the most pressing problems today, and the possibility of symmetrizing the asymmetry of such actions has been studied by a number of specialists-scientists (V.I.Lyax, 2006; Ya.E.Kozlov, 2008; V.A.Moskvin, N.V.Moskvina, 2008; Sh.X.Israelov, F.A.Polatov, 2014; F.A.Polatov, 2017). The fact is that ten people cannot skillfully perform various movements (in professional or sports activities) with their left hand or left foot, while the left ones are the opposite. The asymmetry" let's go-left " is also clearly visible in the turn-and-turn movements to the right and left. Tenchays usually turn and rotate more easily to the left, and to the right-to the left, on the contrary, to the left. In addition, sports performed on the basis of hitting (volleyball, tennis, football, etc.)) athletes who have been practicing for a long time feel certain pain in the joints of the leading arm or leg and the corresponding muscle fibers. That is why such athletes use warming drugs on their leading arm or leg in order to partially eliminate this pain before going to each training and competition.) drives. Therefore, in sports practice, the formation of "ten-Left" movement functions in a symmetrical order will not only reduce the effect of descending load on the leading arm or leading leg (prevent injuries), but such an approach will expand and enrich the range of technical and tactical skills of the athlete.</p> Sh. Sh. Israilov Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-24 2022-11-24 3 11 283 284 Religious Pedagogy in Social Education https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1728 <p>This article discusses religious pedagogy and its place in social education.</p> Rametullaeva Nadira Polatovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-24 2022-11-24 3 11 285 288 Assessment of the Level of Functional Fitness of Triathletes using the Garmin Heart Rate Monitoring System https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1729 <p>In modern sports of the highest achievements, various modifications of monitoring equipment are used to obtain an objective assessment of the functional state of the body and the special motor readiness of athletes. This scientific article presents an analysis of the special motor fitness of triathletes at the stage of improving sports skills, based on a comprehensive study of the indicators of the GarminConnect heart rate monitoring system using Garmin-Forerunner935 smart watches.</p> Niyazova Regina Rustamovna Rahimova Zarnigor Doniyor qizi Tilavov Shaxboz Sidiqul o‘g‘li Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-24 2022-11-24 3 11 289 292 Methods of Improving the Start Reaction of Short Distance Runners https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1730 <p>In the article, a set of exercises was developed to improve the starting technique and develop the starting reaction of athletes in short-distance running. Also, the start reactions of athletes during training, control competitions and competitions were studied, and the effectiveness of the start reaction on sports results in 100 m distance running was widely explained.</p> Soliev Iqrorjon Rozikovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-24 2022-11-24 3 11 293 298 An Alternative Way to Workout on a Bike in the Winter https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1731 <p>At the end of the season, the question arises for many cyclists and amateur athletes: how not to lose the shape earned over the summer and not start all over again at the beginning of the next season? Beyond that, many simply wish they could add more physical activity and sports to their lives during the cold season. An excellent solution in such a situation would be a bike rack.</p> Umarov Sarvar Mirzhaxitovich Xamrayev Sardor Sobirjon o’g’li Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-24 2022-11-24 3 11 299 301 Corporate Governance for Credit Establishments in the CEMAC Region https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1736 <p>Considering the banking crises around the world and in particular in the CEMAC region in the 1980s that led to massive collapse of many financial institutions for most part caused by a total absence of the application of good practices in matters of Corporate governance, corporate governance regulations and implementation has become very vital in all financial institutions. The main objective to the study is to assess how effective these corporate governance legal principles and practices for credit establishments in the CEMAC Region are implemented. More specifically, in order to come out with solutions to the numerous shortcomings in corporate governance practices observed in the regulatory system applicable, it investigates the extent of the effectiveness in the implementation and supervision of corporate governance practices in credit establishment in the CEMAC region. To achieve this objective, the study undertakes a Comprehensive literature review from previous authors on certain aspects concerning the topic to bring out the gap. It then adopts a qualitative approach to obtain primary and secondary data to use for the analysis. The major finding is that though the regulators have put in place very good and specific governance requirements for credit establishments with regular periodic supervision from COBAC; governance mal practices still persist at an alarming rate due to factors like some failures in the supervision of credit establishments as well as inadequate mastery of the numerous COBAC regulations by some credit establishments. We recommend adequate attention by credit establishments to corporate governance because of the importance of corporate governance in enhancing performance and reducing corporate risk. We equally recommend a better follow up of the credit establishments by COBAC and the establishments themselves to ensure adequate fulfillment of the governance requirements.</p> Lilian Manka Tankoh Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-26 2022-11-26 3 11 302 318 Pragmatic and Innovative Model of the New Uzbekistan Development Strategy https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1737 <p>This article analyzes the pragmatic significance of the development strategy of the New Uzbekistan, the role of the implemented reforms in ensuring human capital and social activity. Also, the article reveals that social activism and living in pursuit of innovation are important for reforms in Uzbekistan.</p> Sharipov Abdukhakimjon Ziyoitdinovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-28 2022-11-28 3 11 319 323 Variable Approach in the System of Higher Education https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1738 <p>The article is devoted to the substantiation of the introduction of the principle of configurability into the methodology of teaching foreign languages in higher education. The paper describes the features of the educational process in higher education. It is noted that the professionally oriented nature, multi-level nature as the presence of levels of higher education, such as bachelor's, specialist's, master's and postgraduate studies, different levels of education, when students with significantly different input levels of foreign language proficiency study in the same group, set a trend towards the introduction variable training. Variable foreign language training is implemented through the development of basic and additional educational options. The introduction of the principle of configurability into the methodology of teaching foreign languages is intended to ensure the design of a large number of various educational options. The didactic principle of configurability is considered in the form of constructing an educational process or its segment by transforming the structural components of choosing the content of components from adjacent options. The presence of various approaches, methods, teaching aids and forms of control makes it possible to create a number of structural components.</p> Shukhrat Akramov Rakhmatovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-28 2022-11-28 3 11 324 326 The Concept and Types of Corporate Disputes: Theory and Practice https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1739 <p>The article deals with the legal issues of determining disputes related to corporate, establishing the circle of persons who go to court with a request to initiate a case on a corporate dispute. The opinions of scientists on the issue of determining the rights and legitimate interests, the violation of which will lead to a corporate dispute, are analyzed. It is concluded that external corporate conflicts include conflicts: between corporation members and third parties; between the corporation (its participants) and state bodies; between a corporation, its controlling entity and third parties.</p> Ibratova Feruza Babakulovna Abror Mamadaliyev Abdurakhmon ugli Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-28 2022-11-28 3 11 327 332 Sectoral and Regional Characteristics of the Chemical Industry in Uzbekistan https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1740 <p>The article examines the branch and regional structure of the chemical industry of the Republic of Uzbekistan. In it, scientific conclusions, proposals and recommendations were developed based on the economic geographical analysis of the main changes in the chemical industry sector and territorial structure of the republic in 2016-2020.</p> Abdinazarova Xidoyatxon Oripovna Abduvohidova Zumradxon Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-28 2022-11-28 3 11 333 338 History of Afghanistan-Bukhara Relations in the Process of Incorporation of Bukhara Emirate into Russian Customs System https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1743 <p>This article is a historical analysis of the introduction of the Bukhara Emirate into the single customs system of Russia and the changes in trade relations and diplomatic relations between Afghanistan and Bukhara in the subsequent periods.</p> Ahmadov Ahmadjon Asror o’g’li Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-29 2022-11-29 3 11 339 342 Factors in the Study of Appellative Vocabulary in Modern Linguistics https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1744 <p>This article will talk about the manifestations of the appellative lexicon in the advertising text of the medical services provided to the population.</p> Zhomardova Dilafruz Kakhramonovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-29 2022-11-29 3 11 343 346 Social Inequalities and the Crisis of Development in Nigeria: Rivers State Experience, 2010-2021 https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1747 <p>The crux of this paper is to examine the impact of social inequalities on development in Rivers State. The study relied on the Marxian political economy approach. The descriptive survey design was adopted for the study, while the Taro Yamane formula was used to streamline the population to a manageable size of 400. After distribution and retrieval of the questionnaire, 320 questionnaires were accepted and used for the study, while 80 were rejected. Statistical tools such as simple percentages, means, and standard deviation were utilised for the analysis. The paper revealed that social inequality is a product of bad governance, insecurity, ethnic politics and marginalization, a lack of social welfare services, and incessant community clashes and chieftaincy tussles. The study further revealed that there are great discrepancies between the rural and urban populations. Furthermore, the study revealed that some manifestations of social inequality in Rivers State include a decreasing rate of life expectancy, an increasing crime rate, armed robbery, infant mortality, and cybercrime. The paper suggests that the different groups in Rivers State should come up with ways to reduce social inequality by balancing social development in all communities. This can be done by using a "macro-policy redistributive framework" to improve how resources are shared and make it easier for poor people to get to those resources, as well as by building the State Governments' ability to deal with local problems and making them stronger through "devolution".</p> PETER, Peter Finebone Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 3 11 347 360 On the Prospects of the Organization of Private Detective and Security Activities in the Republic of Uzbekistan https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1748 <p>The article deals with issues related to the development of the draft Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan «On private detective and security activities». The author analyzed the positive and negative aspects of this activity in the case of its legislative regulation. In this regard, the experience of foreign countries and countries of the post-Soviet space was studied. Based on the results of the study, an opinion was expressed on the need to adopt the above law, taking into account the positive foreign experience and the peculiarities of the national mentality.</p> Kuziev Azizbek Ravshanbekovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 3 11 361 369 Issues of Education of the Perfect Generation in the Spirit of Respect for National and Universal Legal Values in the Legislation of Uzbekistan https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1749 <p>The article highlights the legal, ideological and educational significance of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the adopted laws in the upbringing of a harmonious generation, the role of universal legal values enshrined in the regulation of public relations.</p> Dusmukhamedova Nargiza Noufarbekovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 3 11 370 375 Discourse Modes or Types of Discourse https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1750 <p>There are four rhetorical modes. They are also known as the ‘Four Modes of Discourse’ and they may be used synonymously with “text type”, and are a long-standing attempt to classify the major kinds of language-based communication particularly writing and speaking, into narration description, exposition, and argumentation.</p> D. X. Madazizova Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 3 11 376 379 Methodology of Scientific Research: The Algorithm for the Formation of the Problem and the Stages of its Study https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1751 <p>The current article is aimed at the novice scholars whose intention is to commence the dissertation research work. Moreover, in the article, methodological recommendations on the process, ranging from the formation of dissertation problem to comprehension of its essence and finding solutions are provided. Particularly, algorithms, originated by author which are supposed to be followed in performing these actions, have been presented.</p> A. A. Zokhidov Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 3 11 380 384 Mnemonics Techniques for Teaching English Language https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1752 <p>The article deals with the efficiency of mnemonics application for teaching the English language. Mnemonics is one of active training technologies which rely on lexical and semantic communications and associative thinking. Since ancient times scientists studied properties of memory and offered the ways of simplification the process of storing information by means of various mnemonic techniques.</p> K. Kakharov Y. Azizov Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 3 11 385 387 Trade Secrets and Know-How as Objects of Intellectual Property Rights: Problems of Correlation and Legal Regulation https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1753 <p>This article examines the importance of know-how and trade secrets in civil legal relations under the legislation of the Republic of Uzbekistan. As you know, the role of intellectual property has increased immeasurably, as they have become, along with traditional material objects, full participants in economic turnover. In this regard, the article provides a comprehensive analysis of the essence and legal nature of know-how and trade secrets as an object of legal regulation, and offers suggestions for improving the current legislation regulating this area.</p> Raimova Nargiza Doroyevna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 3 11 388 394 Foreign Experience and Prospects of Development of Private Detective and Private Security Organizations in Uzbekistan https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1754 <p>The article is devoted to the peculiarities of the functioning of the system of non-state security of private detectives and private security business, as well as non-state educational institutions that provide professional training and advanced training of private detectives and employees of private security organizations. The author examines the historical aspect of the stated topic, draws attention to the foreign experience of the development of private detectives and security personnel. In addition, the article outlines the main trends in education and the problems of legal regulation of the structures under consideration.</p> Tukhtaev B. M. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 3 11 395 400 Legal Features of the Principles and Methods for Estimating the Cost of Intellectual Property https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1755 <p>The article outlines the legal features of the system of general and specific principles of market valuation of intellectual property and considers methods for valuing its objects. The author shows that the use of officially recommended valuation methods leads to unequal results, as a result of which it is proposed to use a new set of methods for estimating the value of intellectual property objects.</p> O. T. Eshonkulov Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 3 11 401 408 Аналитик Кимё Фанини Ўқитишда Интер Фаол Услубларидан Фойдаланиш https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1759 <p>Кадрлар тайёрлаш миллий дастурини рўёбга чиқаришнинг иккинчи босқичи вазифаларидан бири таълим муассасаларининг моддий-техник ва ахборот базасини мустаҳкамлашни давом эттириш, ўқув-тарбия жараёнини юқори сифатли ўқув адабиётлари ва илғор педагогик технологиялар билан таъминлашдан иборат.</p> Гуламова Мавжуда Тошпўлатовна Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 3 11 409 420 Synthesis of Salicylic Acid Compounds Retaining the Thiomachevin Fragment https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1760 <p>The synthesis of compounds that retain the thiourea moiety of salicylic acid and their new derivatives consists in identifying the active sites of N -carbomathiol-2 and benzoylthiocyanate compounds and synthesizing new compounds.</p> J. S. Karimov Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 3 11 421 427 Changes in the Level of Physical Health of Basketball and Street ball Players during Annual Training https://www.grnjournals.us/index.php/ajshr/article/view/1761 <p>Indicators of the number and quality of loads performed in the workouts, in order to improve the physical health of basketball and streetball players, are cited in this article from a scientific methodical point of view.</p> Abdualimov Rufat Uchkun ugli Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 3 11 428 431